Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) is a plant in the form of trees from the Banda Islands, Maluku. As a result of its high value as spices, fruit and nutmeg seeds have become an important trading commodity since Roman times. Nutmeg is mentioned in Pliny’s “The Old” encyclopedia. Since the days of European exploration nutmegs have been widespread in other tropical regions such as Mauritius and the Caribbean (Grenada). The term nutmeg is also used for traded nutmeg seeds.
Nutmeg is harvested by seeds, salute the seeds (arillus), and the flesh. In trade, salute nutmeg is called mace, or in English it is called mace, in pharmaceutical terms called myristicae arillus or macis). Nutmeg meat is called myristicae fructus cortex. The first harvest is carried out 7 to 9 years after the tree is planted and reaches maximum production capability after 25 years. The growth can reach 20m and can reach hundreds of years.